A 2-adic approach of the human respiratory tree

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A 2-adic approach of the human respiratory tree
We propose here a general framework to address the question of trace operators on a dyadic tree. This work is motivated by the modeling of the human bronchial tree which, thanks to its regularity, can be extrapolated in a natural way to an infinite resistive tree. The space of pressure fields at bifurcation nodes of this infinite tree can be endowed with a Sobolev space structure, with a semi-norm which measures the instantaneous rate of dissipated energy. We aim at describing the behaviour of finite energy pressure fields near the end. The core of the present approach is an identification of the set of ends with the ring Z2 of 2-adic integers. Sobolev spaces over Z2 can be defined in a very natural way by means of Fourier transform, which allows us to establish precised trace theorems which are formally quite similar to those in standard Sobolev spaces, with a Sobolev regularity which depends on the growth rate of resistances, i.e. on geometrical properties of the tree. Furthermore, ...
Frédéric Bernicot, Bertrand Maury, D
Added 20 May 2011
Updated 20 May 2011
Type Journal
Year 2010
Where NHM
Authors Frédéric Bernicot, Bertrand Maury, Delphine Salort
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