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BMCBI
2010

Accurate and efficient gp120 V3 loop structure based models for the determination of HIV-1 co-receptor usage

11 years 1 months ago
Accurate and efficient gp120 V3 loop structure based models for the determination of HIV-1 co-receptor usage
Background: HIV-1 targets human cells expressing both the CD4 receptor, which binds the viral envelope glycoprotein gp120, as well as either the CCR5 (R5) or CXCR4 (X4) co-receptors, which interact primarily with the third hypervariable loop (V3 loop) of gp120. Determination of HIV-1 affinity for either the R5 or X4 co-receptor on host cells facilitates the inclusion of co-receptor antagonists as a part of patient treatment strategies. A dataset of 1193 distinct gp120 V3 loop peptide sequences (989 R5-utilizing, 204 X4-capable) is utilized to train predictive classifiers based on implementations of random forest, support vector machine, boosted decision tree, and neural network machine learning algorithms. An in silico mutagenesis procedure employing multibody statistical potentials, computational geometry, and threading of variant V3 sequences onto an experimental structure, is used to generate a feature vector representation for each variant whose components measure environmental pe...
Majid Masso, Iosif I. Vaisman
Added 08 Dec 2010
Updated 08 Dec 2010
Type Journal
Year 2010
Where BMCBI
Authors Majid Masso, Iosif I. Vaisman
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