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Activity Recognition and Abnormality Detection with the Switching Hidden Semi-Markov Model

10 years 3 months ago
Activity Recognition and Abnormality Detection with the Switching Hidden Semi-Markov Model
This paper addresses the problem of learning and recognizing human activities of daily living (ADL), which is an important research issue in building a pervasive and smart environment. In dealing with ADL, we argue that it is beneficial to exploit both the inherent hierarchical organization of the activities and their typical duration. To this end, we introduce the Switching Hidden Semi-Markov Model (S-HSMM), a two-layered extension of the hidden semi-Markov model (HSMM) for the modeling task. Activities are modeled in the S-HSMM in two ways: the bottom layer represents atomic activities and their duration using HSMMs; the top layer represents a sequence of high-level activities where each high-level activity is made of a sequence of atomic activities. We consider two methods for modeling duration: the classic explicit duration model using multinomial distribution, and the novel use of the discrete Coxian distribution. In addition, we propose an effective scheme to detect abnormality ...
Thi V. Duong, Hung Hai Bui, Dinh Q. Phung, Svetha
Added 12 Oct 2009
Updated 12 Oct 2009
Type Conference
Year 2005
Where CVPR
Authors Thi V. Duong, Hung Hai Bui, Dinh Q. Phung, Svetha Venkatesh
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