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2002

Algebra and algorithms for QoS path computation and hop-by-hop routing in the internet

10 years 3 months ago
Algebra and algorithms for QoS path computation and hop-by-hop routing in the internet
Prompted by the advent of quality-of-service routing in the Internet, we investigate the properties that path weight functions must have so that hop-by-hop routing is possible and optimal paths can be computed with a generalized Dijkstra's algorithm. For this purpose, we define an algebra of weights which contains a binary operation, for the composition of link weights into path weights, and an order relation. Isotonicity is the key property of the algebra. It states that the order relation between the weights of any two paths is preserved if both of them are either prefixed or appended by a common, third, path. We show that isotonicity is both necessary and sufficient for a generalized Dijkstra's algorithm to yield optimal paths. Likewise, isotonicity is also both necessary and sufficient for hop-by-hop routing. However, without strict isotonicity, hop-by-hop routing based on optimal paths may produce routing loops. They are prevented if every node computes what we call lexi...
João L. Sobrinho
Added 23 Dec 2010
Updated 23 Dec 2010
Type Journal
Year 2002
Where TON
Authors João L. Sobrinho
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