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EUROCRYPT
2003
Springer

Algebraic Attacks on Stream Ciphers with Linear Feedback

9 years 2 months ago
Algebraic Attacks on Stream Ciphers with Linear Feedback
A classical construction of stream ciphers is to combine several LFSRs and a highly non-linear Boolean function f. Their security is usually analysed in terms of correlation attacks, that can be seen as solving a system of multivariate linear equations, true with some probability. At ICISC’02 this approach is extended to systems of higher-degree multivariate equations, and gives an attack in 292 for Toyocrypt, a Cryptrec submission. In this attack the key is found by solving an overdefined system of algebraic equations. In this paper we show how to substantially lower the degree of these equations by multiplying them by well-chosen multivariate polynomials. Thus we are able to break Toyocrypt in 249 CPU clocks, with only 20 Kbytes of keystream, the fastest attack proposed so far. We also successfully attack the Nessie submission LILI-128, within 257 CPU clocks (not the fastest attack known). In general, we show that if the Boolean function uses only a small subset (e.g. 10) of state...
Nicolas Courtois, Willi Meier
Added 06 Jul 2010
Updated 06 Jul 2010
Type Conference
Year 2003
Where EUROCRYPT
Authors Nicolas Courtois, Willi Meier
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