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2007

Analysis of two Sweep-line Algorithms for Constructing Spanning Trees and Steiner Trees

8 years 11 months ago
Analysis of two Sweep-line Algorithms for Constructing Spanning Trees and Steiner Trees
: We give a tight analysis of an old and popular sweep-line heuristic for constructing a spanning tree of a set of n points in the plane. The algorithm sweeps a vertical line across the input points from left to right, and each point is connected by a straight line segment to the closest point left of (or on) the sweep-line. If W denotes the weight the Euclidean minimum spanning tree (EMST), the spanning tree constructed by the sweep-line algorithm has weight O(W log n), and this bound is asymptotically tight. We then analyze a sweep-line heuristic for constructing a Steiner tree, in which a vertical line is swept across the input points from left to right, and each point is connected by a straight line segment to the closest point on edges or vertices of the current tree (on the left of the sweep line). We show that this algorithm achieves an approximation ratio of O(log n), and describe a class of instances where this ratio is Ω(log n/ log log n). Our results give almost complete an...
Adrian Dumitrescu, Csaba D. Tóth
Added 16 Dec 2010
Updated 16 Dec 2010
Type Journal
Year 2007
Where JUCS
Authors Adrian Dumitrescu, Csaba D. Tóth
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