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CSDA
2011

Approximate forward-backward algorithm for a switching linear Gaussian model

8 years 1 months ago
Approximate forward-backward algorithm for a switching linear Gaussian model
Motivated by the application of seismic inversion in the petroleum industry we consider a hidden Markov model with two hidden layers. The bottom layer is a Markov chain and given this the variables in the second hidden layer are assumed conditionally independent and Gaussian distributed. The observation process is assumed Gaussian with mean values that are linear functions of the second hidden layer. This model class, which we call switching linear Gaussian models, has clear similarities with what is known as switching linear dynamical systems and conditionally Gaussian state space models. The important difference is that we allow the observations to depend on both past and future values of the hidden Gaussian process. The forward-backward algorithms is not directly feasible for switching linear Gaussian models as the recursions then involve a mixture of Gaussian densities where the number of terms grows exponentially with the length of the Markov chain. We propose an approximate for...
Hugo Hammer, Håkon Tjelmeland
Added 13 May 2011
Updated 13 May 2011
Type Journal
Year 2011
Where CSDA
Authors Hugo Hammer, Håkon Tjelmeland
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