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PRESENCE
2007

The Benefit of Force Feedback in Surgery: Examination of Blunt Dissection

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The Benefit of Force Feedback in Surgery: Examination of Blunt Dissection
—Force feedback is widely assumed to enhance performance in robotic surgery, but its benefits have not yet been systematically assessed. In this study we examine the effects of force feedback on a blunt dissection task. 20 subjects used a telerobotic system to expose an artery in a synthetic model while viewing the operative site with a video laparoscope. Subjects were drawn from a range of surgical backgrounds, from inexperienced to attending surgeons. Performance was compared between three force feedback gains: 0% (no force feedback), 37% and 75%. The absence of force feedback increased the average force magnitude applied to the tissue by at least 50%, and increased the peak force magnitude by at least 100%. The number of errors that damage tissue increased by over a factor 3. The rate and precision of dissection were not significantly enhanced with force feedback. These results hold across all levels of previous surgical experience. We hypothesize that force feedback is helpful in...
Christopher R. Wagner, Nicholas Stylopoulos, Patri
Added 27 Dec 2010
Updated 27 Dec 2010
Type Journal
Year 2007
Where PRESENCE
Authors Christopher R. Wagner, Nicholas Stylopoulos, Patrick G. Jackson, Robert D. Howe
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