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2005
Springer

Black-Box Secret Sharing from Primitive Sets in Algebraic Number Fields

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Black-Box Secret Sharing from Primitive Sets in Algebraic Number Fields
A black-box secret sharing scheme (BBSSS) for a given access structure works in exactly the same way over any finite Abelian group, as it only requires black-box access to group operations and to random group elements. In particular, there is no dependence on e.g. the structure of the group or its order. The expansion factor of a BBSSS is the length of a vector of shares (the number of group elements in it) divided by the number of players n. At CRYPTO 2002 Cramer and Fehr proposed a threshold BBSSS with an asymptotically minimal expansion factor Θ(log n). In this paper we propose a BBSSS that is based on a new paradigm, namely, primitive sets in algebraic number fields. This leads to a new BBSSS with an expansion factor that is absolutely minimal up to an additive term of at most 2, which is an improvement by a constant additive factor. We provide good evidence that our scheme is considerably more efficient in terms of the computational resources it requires. Indeed, the number of...
Ronald Cramer, Serge Fehr, Martijn Stam
Added 26 Jun 2010
Updated 26 Jun 2010
Type Conference
Year 2005
Where CRYPTO
Authors Ronald Cramer, Serge Fehr, Martijn Stam
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