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IMC
2005
ACM

Characterization and Measurement of TCP Traversal Through NATs and Firewalls

10 years 7 months ago
Characterization and Measurement of TCP Traversal Through NATs and Firewalls
In recent years, the standards community has developed techniques for traversing NAT/firewall boxes with UDP (that is, establishing UDP flows between hosts behind NATs). Because of the asymmetric nature of TCP connection establishment, however, NAT traversal of TCP is more difficult. Researchers have recently proposed a variety of promising approaches for TCP NAT traversal. The success of these approaches, however, depend on how NAT boxes respond to various sequences of TCP (and ICMP) packets. This paper presents the first broad study of NAT behavior for a comprehensive set of TCP NAT traversal techniques over a wide range of commercial NAT products. We developed a publicly available software test suite that measures the NAT’s responses both to a variety of isolated probes and to complete TCP connection establishments. We test sixteen NAT products in the lab, and 93 home NATs in the wild. Using these results, as well as market data for NAT products, we estimate the likelihood of...
Saikat Guha, Paul Francis
Added 26 Jun 2010
Updated 26 Jun 2010
Type Conference
Year 2005
Where IMC
Authors Saikat Guha, Paul Francis
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