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2003
Springer

On the Complexity of Approximating TSP with Neighborhoods and Related Problems

9 years 19 days ago
On the Complexity of Approximating TSP with Neighborhoods and Related Problems
We prove that various geometric covering problems, related to the Travelling Salesman Problem cannot be efficiently approximated to within any constant factor unless P = NP. This includes the Group-Travelling Salesman Problem (TSP with Neighborhoods) in the Euclidean plane, the GroupSteiner-Tree in the Euclidean plane and the Minimum Watchman Tour and the Minimum Watchman Path in 3-D. It resolves three open problems presented in the comprehensive survey of Mitchell [Mit00], improves a previously known approximation hardness factor of 2041 2040 [GL00, dBGK+ 02] for the first problem, and it is the first approximation hardness factor for the other problems. Some inapproximability factors are also shown for special cases of the above problems, where the size of the sets is bounded. Group-TSP and Group-Steiner-Tree where each neighbourhood is connected are also considered. It is shown that approximating these variants to within any constant factor smaller than 2, is NP-hard. For the Gro...
Shmuel Safra, Oded Schwartz
Added 06 Jul 2010
Updated 06 Jul 2010
Type Conference
Year 2003
Where ESA
Authors Shmuel Safra, Oded Schwartz
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