Cooperative OFDM with Amplify-and-Forward Relaying with Timing Offset

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Cooperative OFDM with Amplify-and-Forward Relaying with Timing Offset
Abstract—In this paper, we investigate cooperative OFDM communications using amplify-and-forward (AF) protocol at the relays, in the presence of imperfect timing synchronization. In most studies on cooperative communications, perfect time synchronization among cooperating nodes is assumed. In practice, however, due to imperfect time synchronization, orthogonality among the subcarriers of the different nodes’ signals at the destination receiver can be lost, causing inter-symbol interference (ISI). In this paper, we derive analytical expressions for the average SINR at the DFT output at the destination as a function of timing offset in cooperative OFDM with AF protocol, and illustrate the SINR degradation as a function of the timing offset. We also present an interference canceling (IC) receiver to mitigate the effects of ISI when there is timing offset. We show that the proposed IC receiver achieves improved BER performance even when timing offsets are large.
K. Raghunath, Ananthanarayanan Chockalingam
Added 29 May 2010
Updated 29 May 2010
Type Conference
Year 2008
Authors K. Raghunath, Ananthanarayanan Chockalingam
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