DCT quantization noise in compressed images

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DCT quantization noise in compressed images
In lossy image compression schemes utilizing the discrete cosine transform (DCT), quantization of the DCT coefficients introduces error in the image representation and a loss of signal information. At high compression ratios, this introduced error produces visually undesirable compression artifacts that can dramatically lower the perceived quality of a particular image. This paper provides a spatial domain model of the quantization error based on a statistical noise model of the error introduced when quantizing the DCT coefficients. The resulting theoretically derived spatial domain quantization noise model shows that, in general, the compression noise in the spatial domain is both correlated and spatially varying. This provides some justification for many of the ad hoc artifact removal filters that have been proposed. An accurate description of quantization noise is essential if one hopes to remove, or at least alleviate, the visibility of compression artifacts.
Mark A. Robertson, Robert L. Stevenson
Added 25 Oct 2009
Updated 27 Oct 2009
Type Conference
Year 2001
Where ICIP
Authors Mark A. Robertson, Robert L. Stevenson
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