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2007

On decidability of monadic logic of order over the naturals extended by monadic predicates

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On decidability of monadic logic of order over the naturals extended by monadic predicates
A fundamental result of Büchi states that the set of monadic second-order formulas true in the structure (Nat, <) is decidable. A natural question is: what monadic predicates (sets) can be added to (Nat, <) while preserving decidability? Elgot and Rabin found many interesting predicates P for which the monadic theory of Nat, <, P is decidable. The Elgot and Rabin automata theoretical method has been generalized and sharpened over the years and their results were extended to a variety of unary predicates. We give a sufficient and necessary model-theoretical condition for the decidability of the monadic theory of (Nat, <, P1, ..., Pn). We reformulate this condition in an algebraic framework and show that a sufficient condition proposed previously by O. Carton and W. Thomas is actually necessary. A crucial argument in the proof is that monadic secondorder logic has the selection and the uniformization properties over the extensions of (Nat, <) by monadic predicates. We ...
Alexander Rabinovich
Added 14 Dec 2010
Updated 14 Dec 2010
Type Journal
Year 2007
Where IANDC
Authors Alexander Rabinovich
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