Detection of emerging space-time clusters

12 years 5 months ago
Detection of emerging space-time clusters
We propose a new class of spatio-temporal cluster detection methods designed for the rapid detection of emerging space-time clusters. We focus on the motivating application of prospective disease surveillance: detecting space-time clusters of disease cases resulting from an emerging disease outbreak. Automatic, real-time detection of outbreaks can enable rapid epidemiological response, potentially reducing rates of morbidity and mortality. Building on the prior work on spatial and space-time scan statistics, our methods combine time series analysis (to determine how many cases we expect to observe for a given spatial region in a given time interval) with new "emerging cluster" space-time scan statistics (to decide whether an observed increase in cases in a region is significant), enabling fast and accurate detection of emerging outbreaks. We evaluate these methods on two types of simulated outbreaks: aerosol release of inhalational anthrax (e.g. from a bioterrorist attack) a...
Daniel B. Neill, Andrew W. Moore, Maheshkumar Sabh
Added 30 Nov 2009
Updated 30 Nov 2009
Type Conference
Year 2005
Where KDD
Authors Daniel B. Neill, Andrew W. Moore, Maheshkumar Sabhnani, Kenny Daniel
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