A dialogical theory of presumption

9 years 7 months ago
A dialogical theory of presumption
The notions of burden of proof and presumption are central to law, but as noted in McCormick on Evidence, they are also the slipperiest of any of the family of legal terms employed in legal reasoning. However, recent studies of burden of proof and presumption (Prakken, Reed and Walton, 2005; Prakken and Sartor, 2006; Gordon, Prakken and Walton, 2007; Prakken and Sartor, 2007) offer formal models that can render them into precise tools useful for legal reasoning. In this paper, the various theories and formal models are comparatively evaluated with the aim of working out a more comprehensive theory that can integrate the components of the argumentation structure on which they are based. It is shown that the notion of presumption has both a logical component and a dialectical component, and the new theory of presumption developed in the paper, called the dialogical theory, combines these two components. Some of the leading theories in the argumentation and artificial intelligence litera...
Douglas Walton
Added 08 Dec 2010
Updated 08 Dec 2010
Type Journal
Year 2008
Where AIL
Authors Douglas Walton
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