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Distributed CDMA-based MAC Protocol for Underwater Sensor Networks

9 years 8 months ago
Distributed CDMA-based MAC Protocol for Underwater Sensor Networks
—Underwater Sensor Networks are typically distributed in nature and the nodes communicate using acoustic waves over a wireless medium. Such networks are characterized by long and variable propagation delays, intermittent connectivity, limited bandwidth and low bit rates. Due to the wireless mode of communication between the sensor nodes, a Medium Access Control (MAC) protocol is required to coordinate access to the shared channel and enable efficient data communication. However, conventional terrestrial wireless network protocols that are based on RF technologies cannot be used underwater. In this paper, we propose PLAN – a MAC Protocol for Long-latency Access Networks that is designed for use in half-duplex underwater acoustic sensor networks. We utilize CDMA as the underlying multiple access technique, due to its resilience to multi-path and Doppler’s effects prevalent in underwater environments, coupled with an RTS-CTS handshaking procedure prior to the actual data transmissio...
Hwee Xian Tan, Winston Khoon Guan Seah
Added 04 Jun 2010
Updated 04 Jun 2010
Type Conference
Year 2007
Where LCN
Authors Hwee Xian Tan, Winston Khoon Guan Seah
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