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NIPS
1998

Divisive Normalization, Line Attractor Networks and Ideal Observers

11 years 1 months ago
Divisive Normalization, Line Attractor Networks and Ideal Observers
Gain control by divisive inhibition, a.k.a. divisive normalization, has been proposed to be a general mechanism throughout the visual cortex. We explore in this study the statistical properties of this normalization in the presence of noise. Using simulations, we show that divisive normalization is a close approximation to a maximum likelihood estimator, which, in the context of population coding, is the same as an ideal observer. We also demonstrate analytically that this is a general property of a large class of nonlinear recurrent networks with line attractors. Our work suggests that divisive normalization plays a critical role in noise ltering, and that every cortical layer may be an ideal observer of the activity in the preceding layer. Information processing in the cortex is often formalized as a sequence of a linear stages followed by a nonlinearity. In the visual cortex, the nonlinearity is best described by squaring combined with a divisive pooling of local activities. The di...
Sophie Deneve, Alexandre Pouget, Peter E. Latham
Added 01 Nov 2010
Updated 01 Nov 2010
Type Conference
Year 1998
Where NIPS
Authors Sophie Deneve, Alexandre Pouget, Peter E. Latham
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