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MBEC
2016

Does a coupling capacitor enhance the charge balance during neural stimulation? An empirical study

4 years 3 months ago
Does a coupling capacitor enhance the charge balance during neural stimulation? An empirical study
Abstract  Due to their DC-blocking characteristic, coupling capacitors are widely used to prevent potentially harmful charge buildup at the electrode–tissue interface. Although the capacitors can be an effective safety measure, it often seems overlooked that coupling capacitors actually introduce an offset voltage over the electrode–tissue interface as well. This work investigates this offset voltage both analytically and experimentally. The calculations as well as the experiments using bipolar-driven platinum electrodes in a saline solution confirm that coupling capacitors introduce an offset, while they barely contribute to the passive charge balancing. In particular cases, this offset is shown to reach potentially dangerous voltage levels that could induce irreversible electrochemical reactions. This work therefore suggests that when the use of coupling capacitors is required, the offset voltage should be analyzed for all operating conditions to ensure it remains within safe b...
Marijn N. van Dongen, Wouter A. Serdijn
Added 07 Apr 2016
Updated 07 Apr 2016
Type Journal
Year 2016
Where MBEC
Authors Marijn N. van Dongen, Wouter A. Serdijn
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