Dynamic Trees and Dynamic Point Location

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Dynamic Trees and Dynamic Point Location
This paper describes new methods for maintaining a point-location data structure for a dynamically changing monotone subdivision S. The main approach is based on the maintenance of two interlaced spanning trees, one for S and one for the graph-theoretic planar dual of S. Queries are answered by using a centroid decomposition of the dual tree to drive searches in the primal tree. These trees are maintained via the link-cut trees structure of Sleator and Tarjan [J. Comput. System Sci., 26 (1983), pp. 362–381], leading to a scheme that achieves vertex insertion/deletion in O(log n) time, insertion/deletion of k-edge monotone chains in O(log n+k) time, and answers queries in O(log2 n) time, with O(n) space, where n is the current size of subdivision S. The techniques described also allow for the dual operations expand and contract to be implemented in O(log n) time, leading to an improved method for spatial point location in a 3-dimensional convex subdivision. In addition, the interlaced...
Michael T. Goodrich, Roberto Tamassia
Added 23 Dec 2010
Updated 23 Dec 2010
Type Journal
Year 1998
Authors Michael T. Goodrich, Roberto Tamassia
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