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2006

Dynamics of facial expression extracted automatically from video

9 years 10 months ago
Dynamics of facial expression extracted automatically from video
We present a systematic comparison of machine learning methods applied to the problem of fully automatic recognition of facial expressions, including AdaBoost, support vector machines, and linear discriminant analysis. Each video-frame is first scanned in real-time to detect approximately upright-frontal faces. The faces found are scaled into image patches of equal size, convolved with a bank of Gabor energy filters, and then passed to a recognition engine that codes facial expressions into 7 dimensions in real time: neutral, anger, disgust, fear, joy, sadness, surprise. We report results on a series of experiments comparing spatial frequency ranges, feature selection techniques, and recognition engines. Best results were obtained by selecting a subset of Gabor filters using AdaBoost and then training Support Vector Machines on the outputs of the filters selected by AdaBoost. The generalization performance to new subjects for a 7-way forced choice was 93% or more correct on two public...
Gwen Littlewort, Marian Stewart Bartlett, Ian R. F
Added 13 Dec 2010
Updated 13 Dec 2010
Type Journal
Year 2006
Where IVC
Authors Gwen Littlewort, Marian Stewart Bartlett, Ian R. Fasel, Joshua Susskind, Javier R. Movellan
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