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ICANN
2010
Springer

Empirical Analysis of the Divergence of Gibbs Sampling Based Learning Algorithms for Restricted Boltzmann Machines

8 years 8 months ago
Empirical Analysis of the Divergence of Gibbs Sampling Based Learning Algorithms for Restricted Boltzmann Machines
Abstract. Learning algorithms relying on Gibbs sampling based stochastic approximations of the log-likelihood gradient have become a common way to train Restricted Boltzmann Machines (RBMs). We study three of these methods, Contrastive Divergence (CD) and its refined variants Persistent CD (PCD) and Fast PCD (FPCD). As the approximations are biased, the maximum of the log-likelihood is not necessarily obtained. Recently, it has been shown that CD, PCD, and FPCD can even lead to a steady decrease of the log-likelihood during learning. Taking artificial data sets from the literature we study these divergence effects in more detail. Our results indicate that the log-likelihood seems to diverge especially if the target distribution is difficult to learn for the RBM. The decrease of the likelihood can not be detected by an increase of the reconstruction error, which has been proposed as a stopping criterion for CD learning. Weight-decay with a carefully chosen weight-decay-parameter can pre...
Asja Fischer, Christian Igel
Added 09 Nov 2010
Updated 09 Nov 2010
Type Conference
Year 2010
Where ICANN
Authors Asja Fischer, Christian Igel
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