An Entropic Estimator for Structure Discovery

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An Entropic Estimator for Structure Discovery
We introduce a novel framework for simultaneous structure and parameter learning in hidden-variable conditional probability models, based on an entropic prior and a solution for its maximum a posteriori (MAP) estimator. The MAP estimate minimizes uncertainty in all respects: cross-entropy between model and data; entropy of the model; entropy of the data's descriptive statistics. Iterative estimation extinguishes weakly supported parameters, compressing and sparsifying the model. Trimming operators accelerate this process by removing excess parameters and, unlike most pruning schemes, guarantee an increase in posterior probability. Entropic estimation takes a overcomplete random model and simplifies it, inducing the structure of relations between hidden and observed variables. Applied to hidden Markov models (HMMs), it finds a concise finite-state machine representing the hidden structure of a signal. We entropically model music, handwriting, and video time-series, and show that t...
Matthew Brand
Added 01 Nov 2010
Updated 01 Nov 2010
Type Conference
Year 1998
Where NIPS
Authors Matthew Brand
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