Evolving Better Multiple Sequence Alignments

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Evolving Better Multiple Sequence Alignments
Aligning multiple DNA or protein sequences is a fundamental step in the analyses of phylogeny, homology and molecular structure. Heuristic algorithms are applied because optimal multiple sequence alignment is prohibitively expensive. Heuristic alignment algorithms represent a practical trade-off between speed and accuracy, but they can be improved. We present EVALYN (EVolved ALYNments), a novel approach to multiple sequence alignment in which sequences are progressively aligned based on a guide tree optimized by a genetic algorithm. We hypothesize that a genetic algorithm can find better guide trees than traditional, deterministic clustering algorithms. We compare our novel evolutionary approach to CLUSTAL W and find that EVALYN performs consistently and significantly better as measured by a common alignment scoring technique. Additionally, we hypothesize that evolutionary guide tree optimization is inherently efficient and has less time complexity than the commonly-used neighbor-joini...
Luke Sheneman, James A. Foster
Added 01 Jul 2010
Updated 01 Jul 2010
Type Conference
Year 2004
Authors Luke Sheneman, James A. Foster
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