Exploiting data-width locality to increase superscalar execution bandwidth

10 years 9 months ago
Exploiting data-width locality to increase superscalar execution bandwidth
In a 64-bit processor, many of the data values actually used in computations require much narrower data-widths. In this study, we demonstrate that instruction data-widths exhibit very strong temporal locality and describe mechanisms to accurately predict data-widths. To exploit the predictability of data-widths, we propose a Multi-Bit-Width (MBW) microarchitecture which, when the opportunity arises, takes the wires normally used to route the operands and bypass the result of a 64-bit instruction, and instead uses them for multiple narrow-width instructions. This technique increases the effective issue width without adding many additional wires by reusing already existing datapaths. Compared to a traditional four-wide superscalar processor, our best MBW configuration with a peak issue rate of eight IPC achieves a 7.1% speedup on the simulated SPECint2000 benchmarks, which performs very well when compared to a 7.9% speedup attainable by a processor with a perfect data-width predictor.
Gabriel H. Loh
Added 15 Jul 2010
Updated 15 Jul 2010
Type Conference
Year 2002
Authors Gabriel H. Loh
Comments (0)