Fast Optimal Twig Joins

11 years 4 months ago
Fast Optimal Twig Joins
In XML search systems twig queries specify predicates on node values and on the structural relationships between nodes, and a key operation is to join individual query node matches into full twig matches. Linear time twig join algorithms exist, but many non-optimal algorithms with better average-case performance have been introduced recently. These use somewhat simpler data structures that are faster in practice, but have exponential worst-case time complexity. In this paper we explore and extend the solution space spanned by previous approaches. We introduce new data structures and improved strategies for filtering out useless data nodes, yielding combinations that are both worst-case optimal and faster in practice. An experimental study shows that our best algorithm outperforms previous approaches by an average factor of three on common benchmarks. On queries with at least one unselective leaf node, our algorithm can be an order of magnitude faster, and it is never more than 20% sl...
Nils Grimsmo, Truls Amundsen Bjørklund, Mag
Added 30 Jan 2011
Updated 30 Jan 2011
Type Journal
Year 2010
Authors Nils Grimsmo, Truls Amundsen Bjørklund, Magnus Lie Hetland
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