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Gamma-SLAM: Using stereo vision and variance grid maps for SLAM in unstructured environments

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Gamma-SLAM: Using stereo vision and variance grid maps for SLAM in unstructured environments
— We introduce a new method for stereo visual SLAM (simultaneous localization and mapping) that works in unstructured, outdoor environments. Unlike other gridbased SLAM algorithms, which use occupancy grid maps, our algorithm uses a new mapping technique that maintains a posterior distribution over the height variance in each cell. This idea was motivated by our experience with outdoor navigation tasks, which has shown height variance to be a useful measure of traversability. To obtain a joint posterior over poses and maps, we use a Rao-Blackwellized particle filter: the pose distribution is estimated using a particle filter, and each particle has its own map that is obtained through exact filtering conditioned on the particle’s pose. Visual odometry provides good proposal distributions for the particle pose. In the analytical (exact) filter for the map, we update the sufficient statistics of a gamma distribution over the precision (inverse variance) of heights in each grid ce...
Tim K. Marks, Andrew Howard, Max Bajracharya, Garr
Added 30 May 2010
Updated 30 May 2010
Type Conference
Year 2008
Where ICRA
Authors Tim K. Marks, Andrew Howard, Max Bajracharya, Garrison W. Cottrell, Larry Matthies
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