Greening geographical load balancing

9 years 1 months ago
Greening geographical load balancing
Energy expenditure has become a significant fraction of data center operating costs. Recently, “geographical load balancing” has been suggested to reduce energy cost by exploiting the electricity price differences across regions. However, this reduction of cost can paradoxically increase total energy use. This paper explores whether the geographical diversity of Internet-scale systems can additionally be used to provide environmental gains. Specifically, we explore whether geographical load balancing can encourage use of “green” renewable energy and reduce use of “brown” fossil fuel energy. We make two contributions. First, we derive two distributed algorithms for achieving optimal geographical load balancing. Second, we show that if electricity is dynamically priced in proportion to the instantaneous fraction of the total energy that is brown, then geographical load balancing provides significant reductions in brown energy use. However, the benefits depend strongly o...
Zhenhua Liu, Minghong Lin, Adam Wierman, Steven H.
Added 17 Sep 2011
Updated 17 Sep 2011
Type Journal
Year 2011
Authors Zhenhua Liu, Minghong Lin, Adam Wierman, Steven H. Low, Lachlan L. H. Andrew
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