Hardware-Efficient Belief Propagation

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Hardware-Efficient Belief Propagation
Belief propagation (BP) is an effective algorithm for solving energy minimization problems in computer vision. However, it requires enormous memory, bandwidth, and computation because messages are iteratively passed between nodes in the Markov random field (MRF). In this paper, we propose two methods to address this problem. The first method is a message passing scheme called tile-based belief propagation. The key idea of this method is that a message can be well approximated from other faraway ones. We split the MRF into many tiles and perform BP within each one. To preserve the global optimality, we store the outgoing boundary messages of a tile and use them when performing BP in the neighboring tiles. The tile-based BP only requires 1-5% memory and 0.2-1% bandwidth of the ordinary BP. The second method is an O(L) message construction algorithm for the robust functions commonly used for describing the smoothness terms in the energy function. We find that many variables in construct...
Chao-Chung Cheng, Chia-Kai Liang, Homer H. Chen, L
Added 29 Apr 2009
Updated 10 Dec 2009
Type Conference
Year 2009
Where CVPR
Authors Chao-Chung Cheng, Chia-Kai Liang, Homer H. Chen, Liang-Gee Chen, Yen-Chieh Lai
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