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ASSETS
2008
ACM

Hunting for headings: sighted labeling vs. automatic classification of headings

11 years 3 months ago
Hunting for headings: sighted labeling vs. automatic classification of headings
Proper use of headings in web pages can make navigation more efficient for blind web users by indicating semantic di visions in the page. Unfortunately, many web pages do not use proper HTML markup (h1-h6 tags) to indicate headings, instead using visual styling to create headings, thus making the distinction between headings and other page text indis tinguishable to blind users. In a user study in which sighted participants labeled headings on a set of web pages, partic ipants did not often agree on which elements on the page should be labeled as headings, suggesting why headings are not used properly on the web today. To address this prob lem, we have created a system called HeadingHunter that predicts whether web page text semantically functions as a heading by examining visual features of the text as rendered in a web browser. Its performance in labeling headings com pares favorably with both a manually-classified set of head ing examples and the combined results of the sighted lab...
Jeremy T. Brudvik, Jeffrey P. Bigham, Anna Cavende
Added 12 Oct 2010
Updated 12 Oct 2010
Type Conference
Year 2008
Where ASSETS
Authors Jeremy T. Brudvik, Jeffrey P. Bigham, Anna Cavender, Richard E. Ladner
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