Implicit Mixtures of Restricted Boltzmann Machines

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Implicit Mixtures of Restricted Boltzmann Machines
We present a mixture model whose components are Restricted Boltzmann Machines (RBMs). This possibility has not been considered before because computing the partition function of an RBM is intractable, which appears to make learning a mixture of RBMs intractable as well. Surprisingly, when formulated as a third-order Boltzmann machine, such a mixture model can be learned tractably using contrastive divergence. The energy function of the model captures threeway interactions among visible units, hidden units, and a single hidden discrete variable that represents the cluster label. The distinguishing feature of this model is that, unlike other mixture models, the mixing proportions are not explicitly parameterized. Instead, they are defined implicitly via the energy function and depend on all the parameters in the model. We present results for the MNIST and NORB datasets showing that the implicit mixture of RBMs learns clusters that reflect the class structure in the data.
Vinod Nair, Geoffrey E. Hinton
Added 30 Oct 2010
Updated 30 Oct 2010
Type Conference
Year 2008
Where NIPS
Authors Vinod Nair, Geoffrey E. Hinton
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