Improving Strategies via SMT Solving

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Improving Strategies via SMT Solving
We consider the problem of computing numerical invariants of programs by abstract interpretation. Our method eschews two traditional sources of imprecision: (i) the use of widening operators for enforcing convergence within a finite number of iterations (ii) the use of merge operations (often, convex hulls) at the merge points of the control flow graph. It instead computes the least inductive invariant expressible in the domain at a restricted set of program points, and analyzes the rest of the code en bloc. We emphasize that we compute this inductive invariant precisely. For that we extend the strategy improvement algorithm of Gawlitza and Seidl [17]. If we applied their method directly, we would have to exponentially sized system of abstract semantic equations, resulting in memory exhaustion. Instead, we keep the system implicit and discover strategy improvements using SAT modulo real linear arithmetic (SMT). For evaluating strategies we use linear programming. Our algorithm has l...
Thomas Martin Gawlitza, David Monniaux
Added 13 May 2011
Updated 13 May 2011
Type Journal
Year 2011
Where CORR
Authors Thomas Martin Gawlitza, David Monniaux
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