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2008

Insertion, Deletion Codes With Feature-Based Embedding: A New Paradigm for Watermark Synchronization With Applications to Speech

8 years 6 months ago
Insertion, Deletion Codes With Feature-Based Embedding: A New Paradigm for Watermark Synchronization With Applications to Speech
A framework is proposed for synchronization in feature-based data embedding systems that is tolerant of errors in estimated features. The method combines feature-based embedding with codes capable of simultaneous synchronization and error correction, thereby allowing recovery from both desynchronization caused by feature estimation discrepancies between the embedder and receiver; and alterations in estimated symbols arising from other channel perturbations. A speech watermark is presented that constitutes a realization of the framework for 1-D signals. The speech watermark employs pitch modification for data embedding and Davey and Mackay's insertion, deletion, and substitution (IDS) codes for synchronization and error recovery. Experimental results demonstrate that the system indeed allows watermark data recovery, despite feature desynchronization. The performance of the speech watermark is optimized by estimating the channel parameters required for the IDS decoding at the receiv...
David J. Coumou, Gaurav Sharma
Added 15 Dec 2010
Updated 15 Dec 2010
Type Journal
Year 2008
Where TIFS
Authors David J. Coumou, Gaurav Sharma
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