Lambertian Reflectance and Linear Subspaces

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Lambertian Reflectance and Linear Subspaces
We prove that the set of all Lambertian reflectance functions (the mapping from surface normals to intensities) obtained with arbitrary distant light sources lies close to a 9D linear subspace. This implies that, in general, the set of images of a convex Lambertian object obtained under a wide variety of lighting conditions can be approximated accurately by a low-dimensional linear subspace, explaining prior empirical results. We also provide a simple analytic characterization of this linear space. We obtain these results by representing lighting using spherical harmonics and describing the effects of Lambertian materials as the analog of a convolution. These resultsallow ustoconstruct algorithmsforobjectrecognitionbasedonlinearmethods aswellasalgorithmsthatuseconvexoptimizationto enforce nonnegative lighting functions. We also show a simple way to enforce nonnegative lighting when the images of an object lie near a 4D linear space. We apply these algorithms to perform face recognition...
Ronen Basri, David W. Jacobs
Added 15 Oct 2009
Updated 31 Oct 2009
Type Conference
Year 2001
Where ICCV
Authors Ronen Basri, David W. Jacobs
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