Landmarks in the Communication of Route Directions

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Landmarks in the Communication of Route Directions
We investigate the understanding of landmarks using a model of embedding procedures that sees affordances established on three levels. On the first level there are landmark experience and direct communication process as distinct affordance structures. On the second level the initial landmark experience has become part of the speech act thus establishing direct wayfinding communication. On the third level the communication situation of the speech act incorporating the landmark experience is changed into indirect communication thus transforming into a narrative. We apply the leveled model of narrative structure to human generated route directions. We demonstrate how the initial experience – the landmark – is incorporated into communication structures, how it turns into a narrative in order to secure understanding and how understanding is guided via narrative structures. With this approach from Literature we contribute to the problem of in-depth natural language understanding. Ultimat...
Elisabeth Weissensteiner, Stephan Winter
Added 01 Jul 2010
Updated 01 Jul 2010
Type Conference
Year 2004
Authors Elisabeth Weissensteiner, Stephan Winter
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