Limitations of Quantum Advice and One-Way Communication

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Limitations of Quantum Advice and One-Way Communication
Abstract: Although a quantum state requires exponentially many classical bits to describe, the laws of quantum mechanics impose severe restrictions on how that state can be accessed. This paper shows in three settings that quantum messages have only limited advantages over classical ones. First, we show that BQP/qpoly PP/poly, where BQP/qpoly is the class of problems solvable in quantum polynomial time, given a polynomial-size "quantum advice state" that depends only on the input length. This resolves a question of Buhrman, and means that we should not hope for an unrelativized separation between quantum and classical advice. Underlying our complexity result is a general new relation between deterministic and quantum one-way communication complexities, which applies to partial as well as total functions. Second, we construct an oracle relative to which NP BQP/qpoly. To do so, we use the polynomial method to give the first correct proof of a direct product theorem for quantu...
Scott Aaronson
Added 20 Aug 2010
Updated 20 Aug 2010
Type Conference
Year 2004
Where COCO
Authors Scott Aaronson
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