Modeling Ellsberg's Paradox in Vague-Vague Cases

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Modeling Ellsberg's Paradox in Vague-Vague Cases
We explore a generalization of Ellsberg's paradox (2color scenario) to the Vague-Vague (V-V) case, in which neither of the probabilities (urns) is specified precisely, but one urn is always more precise than the other. One hundred and seven undergraduate students compared 63 pairs of urns involving positive outcomes. The paradox is as prevalent in the V-V case, as in the standard PreciseVague (P-V) case. The paradox occurs more often when differences between ranges of vagueness are large and occurs less often with extreme midpoints. The urn with more vagueness was avoided for moderate to high expected probabilities and preferred for low expected probabilities in P-V cases, and the opposite pattern was found for the V-V cases. Models that capture adequately the relationships between the prevalence of vagueness avoidance and the lotteries' parameters (e.g. differences between the two ranges) were fitted for the P-V and V-V cases. Keywords. Vagueness, ambiguity, imprecise proba...
Karen M. Kramer, David V. Budescu
Added 04 Aug 2010
Updated 04 Aug 2010
Type Conference
Year 1999
Authors Karen M. Kramer, David V. Budescu
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