Sciweavers

Share
IJRR
2008

Motion Planning Under Uncertainty for Image-guided Medical Needle Steering

9 years 4 days ago
Motion Planning Under Uncertainty for Image-guided Medical Needle Steering
We develop a new motion planning algorithm for a variant of a Dubins car with binary left/right steering and apply it to steerable needles, a new class of flexible beveltip medical needles that physicians can steer through soft tissue to reach clinical targets inaccessible to traditional stiff needles. Our method explicitly considers uncertainty in needle motion due to patient differences and the difficulty in predicting needle/tissue interaction. The planner computes optimal steering actions to maximize the probability that the needle will reach the desired target. Given a medical image with segmented obstacles and target, our method formulates the planning problem as a Markov Decision Process based on an efficient discretization of the state space, models motion uncertainty using probability distributions, and computes optimal steering actions using Dynamic Programming. This approach only requires parameters that can be directly extracted from images, allows fast computation of the ...
Ron Alterovitz, Michael S. Branicky, Kenneth Y. Go
Added 12 Dec 2010
Updated 12 Dec 2010
Type Journal
Year 2008
Where IJRR
Authors Ron Alterovitz, Michael S. Branicky, Kenneth Y. Goldberg
Comments (0)
books