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ICASSP
2011
IEEE

A new data hiding method using angle quantization index modulation in gradient domain

8 years 7 months ago
A new data hiding method using angle quantization index modulation in gradient domain
A robust data hiding scheme that embeds the watermark bits by quantizing the gradient directions of an image is proposed. By embedding the watermark in the angle, the watermark becomes robust to amplitude scaling attacks. To keep the watermark imperceptible and enhance its robustness, it is embedded in the signi cant gradient vectors of the image. The signi cant gradient vectors are obtained using discrete wavelet transform (DWT). Thus, the gradient vector at a pixel is rst obtained in terms of the DWT coef cients. Then the gradient direction is quantized by modifying the DWT coef cients corresponding to the gradient vectors. Experimental results con rm that the proposed gradient direction watermarking (GDWM) method is robust to various types of attacks, specially amplitude scaling attacks, and results in watermarked images of high delity.
Ehsan Nezhadarya, Z. Jane Wang, Rabab K. Ward
Added 21 Aug 2011
Updated 21 Aug 2011
Type Journal
Year 2011
Where ICASSP
Authors Ehsan Nezhadarya, Z. Jane Wang, Rabab K. Ward
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