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ICALP
2009
Springer

Node-Weighted Steiner Tree and Group Steiner Tree in Planar Graphs

9 years 11 months ago
Node-Weighted Steiner Tree and Group Steiner Tree in Planar Graphs
We improve the approximation ratios for two optimization problems in planar graphs. For node-weighted Steiner tree, a classical network-optimization problem, the best achievable approximation ratio in general graphs is (log n), and nothing better was previously known for planar graphs. We give a constant-factor approximation for planar graphs. Our algorithm generalizes to allow as input any nontrivial minor-closed graph family, and also generalizes to address other optimization problems such as Steiner forest, prize-collecting Steiner tree, and network-formation games. The second problem we address is group Steiner tree: given a graph with edge weights and a collection of groups (subsets of nodes), find a minimum-weight connected subgraph that includes at least one node from each group. The best approximation ratio known in general graphs is O(log3 n), or O(log2 n) when the host graph is a tree. We obtain an O(log n polyloglog n) approximation algorithm for the special case where the g...
Erik D. Demaine, MohammadTaghi Hajiaghayi, Philip
Added 03 Dec 2009
Updated 03 Dec 2009
Type Conference
Year 2009
Where ICALP
Authors Erik D. Demaine, MohammadTaghi Hajiaghayi, Philip N. Klein
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