Non-uniform ACC Circuit Lower Bounds

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Non-uniform ACC Circuit Lower Bounds
The class ACC consists of circuit families with constant depth over unbounded fan-in AND, OR, NOT, and MODm gates, where m > 1 is an arbitrary constant. We prove: • NTIME[2n ] does not have non-uniform ACC circuits of polynomial size. The size lower bound can be slightly strengthened to quasi-polynomials and other less natural functions. • ENP , the class of languages recognized in 2O(n) time with an NP oracle, doesn’t have non-uniform ACC circuits of 2no(1) size. The lower bound gives an exponential size-depth tradeoff: for every d there is a δ > 0 such that ENP doesn’t have depth-d ACC circuits of size 2nδ . Previously, it was not known whether EXPNP had depth-3 polynomial size circuits made out of only MOD6 gates. The high-level strategy is to design faster algorithms for the circuit satisfiability problem over ACC circuits, then prove that such algorithms entail the above lower bounds. The algorithm combines known properties of ACC with fast rectangular matrix mul...
Ryan Williams
Added 18 Dec 2011
Updated 18 Dec 2011
Type Journal
Year 2011
Where COCO
Authors Ryan Williams
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