On (not) indexing quadratic form distance by metric access methods

8 years 11 months ago
On (not) indexing quadratic form distance by metric access methods
The quadratic form distance (QFD) has been utilized as an effective similarity function in multimedia retrieval, in particular, when a histogram representation of objects is used. Unlike the widely used Euclidean distance, the QFD allows to arbitrarily correlate the histogram bins (dimensions), allowing thus to better model the similarity between histograms. However, unlike Euclidean distance, which is of linear time complexity, the QFD requires quadratic time to evaluate the similarity of two objects. In consequence, indexing and querying a database under QFD are expensive operations. In this paper we show that, given static correlations between dimensions, the QFD space can be transformed into an equivalent Euclidean space. Thus, the overall complexity of indexing and searching in the QFD similarity model can be reduced qualitatively. Besides the theoretical time complexity analysis of our approach applied to several metric access methods, in experimental evaluation we show the rea...
Tomás Skopal, Tomás Bartos, Jakub Lo
Added 27 Aug 2011
Updated 27 Aug 2011
Type Journal
Year 2011
Where EDBT
Authors Tomás Skopal, Tomás Bartos, Jakub Lokoc
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