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COMBINATORICS
2000

A Note on the Asymptotic Behavior of the Heights in b-Tries for b Large

11 years 1 months ago
A Note on the Asymptotic Behavior of the Heights in b-Tries for b Large
We study the limiting distribution of the height in a generalized trie in which external nodes are capable to store up to b items (the so called b-tries). We assume that such a tree is built from n random strings (items) generated by an unbiased memoryless source. In this paper, we discuss the case when b and n are both large. We shall identify five regions of the height distribution that should be compared to three regions obtained for fixed b. We prove that for most n, the limiting distribution is concentrated at the single point k1 = log2(n/b) + 1 as n, b . We observe that this is quite different than the height distribution for fixed b, in which case the limiting distribution is of an extreme value type concentrated around (1+1/b) log2 n. We derive our results by analytic methods, namely generating functions and the saddle point method. We also present some numerical verification of our results.
Charles Knessl, Wojciech Szpankowski
Added 17 Dec 2010
Updated 17 Dec 2010
Type Journal
Year 2000
Where COMBINATORICS
Authors Charles Knessl, Wojciech Szpankowski
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