OAEP Reconsidered

12 years 4 months ago
OAEP Reconsidered
The OAEP encryption scheme was introduced by Bellare and Rogaway at Eurocrypt ’94. It converts any trapdoor permutation scheme into a public-key encryption scheme. OAEP is widely believed to provide resistance against adaptive chosen ciphertext attack. The main justification for this belief is a supposed proof of security in the random oracle model, assuming the underlying trapdoor permutation scheme is one way. This paper shows conclusively that this justification is invalid. First, it observes that there appears to be a non-trivial gap in the OAEP security proof. Second, it proves that this gap cannot be filled, in the sense that there can be no standard “black box” security reduction for OAEP. This is done by proving that there exists an oracle relative to which the general OAEP scheme is insecure. The paper also presents a new scheme OAEP+, along with a complete proof of security in the random oracle model. OAEP+ is essentially just as efficient as OAEP, and even has a ti...
Victor Shoup
Added 28 Jul 2010
Updated 28 Jul 2010
Type Conference
Year 2001
Authors Victor Shoup
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