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2004
Springer

Online Maintenance of k-Medians and k-Covers on a Line

10 years 15 days ago
Online Maintenance of k-Medians and k-Covers on a Line
The standard dynamic programming solution to finding k-medians on a line with n nodes requires O(kn2 ) time. Dynamic programming speedup techniques, e.g., use of the quadrangle inequality or properties of totally monotone matrices, can reduce this to O(kn) time. However, these speedup techniques are inherently static and cannot be used in an online setting, i.e., if we want to increase the size of the problem by one new point. Then, in the worst case, we could do no better than recalculating the solution to the entire problem from scratch in O(kn) time. The major result of this paper is to show that we can maintain the dynamic programming speedup in an online setting where points are added from left to right on a line. Computing the new k-medians after adding a new point takes only O(k) amortized time and O(k log n) worst case time (simultaneously). Using similar techniques, we can also solve the online k-coverage with uniform coverage on a line problem with the same time bounds.
Rudolf Fleischer, Mordecai J. Golin, Yan Zhang
Added 02 Jul 2010
Updated 02 Jul 2010
Type Conference
Year 2004
Where SWAT
Authors Rudolf Fleischer, Mordecai J. Golin, Yan Zhang
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