Post-Quantum Forward-Secure Onion Routing - (Future Anonymity in Today's Budget)

4 years 10 months ago
Post-Quantum Forward-Secure Onion Routing - (Future Anonymity in Today's Budget)
The onion routing (OR) network Tor provides anonymity to its users by routing their encrypted traffic through three proxies (or nodes). The key cryptographic challenge, here, is to establish symmetric session keys using a secure key exchange between the anonymous user and the selected nodes. The Tor network currently employs a one-way authenticated key exchange (1W-AKE) protocol ntor for this purpose. Nevertheless, ntor as well as other known 1W-AKE protocols rely solely on some classical Diffie-Hellman (DH) type assumptions for their (forward) security, and privacy of today’s anonymous communication cannot be ensured once quantum computers arrive. In this paper, we demonstrate utility of lattice-based cryptography towards solving this problem for onion routing. In particular, we present a novel hybrid 1W-AKE protocol (HybridOR) that is secure under the lattice-based ring learning with error (ring-LWE) assumption or the gap DH assumption. Due to its hybrid design, HybridOR is not ...
Satrajit Ghosh, Aniket Kate
Added 13 Apr 2016
Updated 13 Apr 2016
Type Journal
Year 2015
Where ACNS
Authors Satrajit Ghosh, Aniket Kate
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