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2008

Processing Polarity: How the Ungrammatical Intrudes on the Grammatical

11 years 1 months ago
Processing Polarity: How the Ungrammatical Intrudes on the Grammatical
A central question in online human sentence comprehension is: how are linguistic relations established between different parts of a sentence? Previous work has shown that this dependency resolution process can be computationally expensive, but the underlying reasons for this are still unclear. We argue that dependency resolution is mediated by cue-based retrieval, constrained by independently motivated working memory principles defined in a cognitive architecture (ACT-R). To demonstrate this, we investigate an unusual instance of dependency resolution, the processing of negative and positive polarity items, and confirm a surprising prediction of the cue-based retrieval model: partial cue-matches--which constitute a kind of similarity-based interference--can give rise to the intrusion of ungrammatical retrieval candidates, leading to both processing slow-downs and even errors of judgment that take the form of illusions of grammaticality in patently ungrammatical structures. A notable a...
Shravan Vasishth, Sven Brüssow, Richard L. Le
Added 09 Dec 2010
Updated 09 Dec 2010
Type Journal
Year 2008
Where COGSCI
Authors Shravan Vasishth, Sven Brüssow, Richard L. Lewis, Heiner Drenhaus
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