Sciweavers

Share
CRYPTO
2010
Springer

Protocols for Multiparty Coin Toss with Dishonest Majority

8 years 11 months ago
Protocols for Multiparty Coin Toss with Dishonest Majority
Coin-tossing protocols are protocols that generate a random bit with uniform distribution. These protocols are used as a building block in many cryptographic protocols. Cleve [STOC 1986] has shown that if at least half of the parties can be malicious, then, in any r-round coin-tossing protocol, the malicious parties can cause a bias of (1/r) to the bit that the honest parties output. However, for more than two decades the best known protocols had bias t r , where t is the number of corrupted parties. Recently, in a surprising result, Moran, Naor, and Segev [TCC 2009] have shown that there is an r-round two-party cointossing protocol with the optimal bias of O(1/r). We extend Moran et al. results to the multiparty model when less than 2/3 of the parties are malicious. The bias of our protocol is proportional to 1/r and depends on the gap between the number of malicious parties and the number of honest parties in the protocol. Specifically, for a constant number of parties or when the nu...
Amos Beimel, Eran Omri, Ilan Orlov
Added 06 Dec 2010
Updated 06 Dec 2010
Type Conference
Year 2010
Where CRYPTO
Authors Amos Beimel, Eran Omri, Ilan Orlov
Comments (0)
books