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2006
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On the Quantum Query Complexity of Local Search in Two and Three Dimensions

10 years 2 months ago
On the Quantum Query Complexity of Local Search in Two and Three Dimensions
The quantum query complexity of searching for local optima has been a subject of much interest in the recent literature. For the d-dimensional grid graphs, the complexity has been determined asymptotically for all fixed d ≥ 5, but the lower dimensional cases present special difficulties, and considerable gaps exist in our knowledge. In the present paper we present near-optimal lower bounds, showing that the quantum query complexity for the 2-dimensional grid [n]2 is Ω(n1/2−δ ), and that for the 3-dimensional grid [n]3 is Ω(n1−δ ), for any fixed δ > 0. A general lower bound approach for this problem, initiated by Aaronson [1](based on Ambainis’ adversary method [3] for quantum lower bounds), uses random walks with low collision probabilities. This approach encounters obstacles in deriving tight lower bounds in low dimensions due to the lack of degrees of freedom in such spaces. We solve this problem by the novel construction and analysis of random walks with non-un...
Xiaoming Sun, Andrew Chi-Chih Yao
Added 11 Jun 2010
Updated 11 Jun 2010
Type Conference
Year 2006
Where FOCS
Authors Xiaoming Sun, Andrew Chi-Chih Yao
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