Reconciling Data Compression and Kolmogorov Complexity

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Reconciling Data Compression and Kolmogorov Complexity
While data compression and Kolmogorov complexity are both about effective coding of words, the two settings differ in the following respect. A compression algorithm or compressor, for short, has to map a word to a unique code for this word in one shot, whereas with the standard notions of Kolmogorov complexity a word has many different codes and the minimum code for a given word cannot be found effectively. This gap is bridged by introducing decidable Turing machines and a corresponding notion of Kolmogorov complexity, where compressors and suitably normalized decidable machines are essentially the same concept. Kolmogorov complexity defined via decidable machines yields characterizations in terms of the intial segment complexity of sequences of the concepts of Martin-L¨of randomness, Schnorr randomness, Kurtz randomness, and computable dimension. These results can also be reformulated in terms of time-bounded Kolmogorov complexity. Other applications of decidable machines are pr...
Laurent Bienvenu, Wolfgang Merkle
Added 08 Jun 2010
Updated 08 Jun 2010
Type Conference
Year 2007
Authors Laurent Bienvenu, Wolfgang Merkle
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